Geneva, August 15, 2014 – In an interview with the Albanian news agency Presheva Jone, Dr. Pal Dunay the Director of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Academy, currently based in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, believes Kosovo’s statehood is moving forward, but still has serious issues to address.
“I think, the statehood of Kosovo is moving forward even though not very rapidly. The country could join some institutions, but cannot even aspire to get closer to others due to her pending statehood.
“Kosovo’s most important problem is the continuing existence of the co-existence of criminal structure with weak statehood. The current unnecessary stalemate concerning the formation of an effective government just adds to the pain.
“If rule of law is not enforced, corruption does not decline then the anyway not too appealing country with not particularly highly qualified labour force and no sea access may decline further.
“If there is no economic viability, in spite of increasing GDP that increases from a very low level, then the country cannot be stabilized,” states Dr. Pal Dunay to the Albanian news agency Presheva Jone.
With regard to Kosovo’s recognitions from United Nations (UN) member-states, the latest being the Solomon Islands announced August 13 by Kosovo’s Foreign Minister Enver Hoxhaj, the Director of the OSCE Academy believes Kosovo is heading in the right direction, but warns that Russia and China will continue to oppose Kosovo’s independence and prevent UN membership:
“The number of EU and NATO member-states, which are opposed to the recognition of Kosovo has remained unchanged. However, the number of states that have recognized Kosovo has been increasing slowly but steadily and it is 109 now. This is certainly much better than some other entities (Northern Cyprus, Abkhazia, South Ossetia) to mention but a few.
“Whether it will reach and cross the ‘Rubicon’ would be a good question. However, the current situation, in particular Russia’s regular reference to the 1999 Kosovo War when legitimizing her action in the Crimea does not help. Hence, China and Russia will continue to oppose Kosovar statehood that would prevent UN membership,” adds Dr. Pal Dunay.
Discussing the idea of swapping territories between Serbia and Kosovo, allowing the municipalities of Presevo, Bujanovac and Medvedja to become part of Kosovo, and Northern Kosovo to become part of Serbia, the OSCE Academy Director believes Kosovo’s de facto situation will not allow Pristina to ask for much in return:
“I think there is not much Kosovo could ask for as the de facto situation is already there on the ground,” says Dr. Pal Dunay from Bishkek Kyrgyzstan to the Albanian news agency Presheva Jone./ Blerim Mustafa
Photo credit: OSCE-Academy
* This article was written by the author in his personal capacity. The opinions expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not represent the view of Leidar
Link to original article (Presheva Jone, also available below): http://www.preshevajone.com/dr-pal-dunay-consolidation-of-kosovos-statehood-is-moving-forward-but-key-challenges-persist/